About the Authors and Translators

Alexandre Marcelino is a Portuguese former lawyer with postgraduated studies in environmental law; she was a member of the legal group of lawyers on a national Portuguese environmental organization for several years, defending environmental causes (GEOTA - homepage: http://www.geota.pt) and had a short experience working at the Portuguese Environmental Agency. She is currently a jurist and an activist with a special focus and interest on deep ecology. A member of the Circle of Inter-Being, an ethical and philosophical association inspired by the teachings of Tich Nhat Hahn, planetary spiritual traditions, contemporary science and holistic vision of the interdependence of all beings and phenomena (www.circuloentreser.org). Co-author of the Portuguese petition claiming the legal recognition of rights of Nature in Portuguese laws and Constitution. Also a student of Theosophy and a researcher about the causes of real hapiness.
Patrick Curry is a Canadian-born independent scholar and writer. He has lived longest in London England. He holds a Ph.D. in the History and Philosophy of Science from University College London and has held lectureships at the universities of Bath Spa and Kent. He is the author of several other books along with many articles and papers, most of which can be accessed on his website: www.patrickcurry.co.uk. You can email Patrick at pmcurry@gn.apc.org
Stan Rowe (June 11, 1918 to April 6, 2004) was educated at the University of Manitoba and University of Nebraska. He was a geo-ecologist and environmentalist with a background in botany, forestry and terrain (landscape) ecology. He worked as a research forester with Forestry Canada for nineteen years, specializing in silviculture and ecological site classification. In the 1970s & 80s he took up the post of Professor of Plant Ecology at the University of Saskatchewan.

Stan authored the book Forest Regions of Canada (1959, Queen's Printer, Ottawa) and Home Place; Essays in Ecology (NeWest Books, Edmonton, 1990; reissued 2002). At the time of his death, a third book (to be titled Earth Alive) was nearing completion. As well, he authored numerous articles, reviews, book chapters and was a celebrated public speaker on ecosystems and human ecology. The essays presented at this web site demonstrate the breadth of his insightful writings on the ecocentric valuation perspective as well as his outstanding literary skills. Following retirement from academic work, he moved to New Denver, B.C. where he remained active as a writer in environmental ethics.

Among his many quotable quotes, he made this observation about himself:

"Not a misanthrope, but a defender of Earth against the excesses of anthropes."

Holmes Rolston, III is University Distinguished Professor and Professor of Philosophy at Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. He is the author of a number of books including: Philosophy Gone Wild (Prometheus Books, 1986), Environmental Ethics (Temple University Press, 1987), Conserving Natural Value (Columbia University Press, 1994) and Science and Religion: A Critical Survey (Random House, McGraw Hill, Harcourt Brace), He served as editor of Biology, Ethics, and the Origins of Life (Jones and Bartlett, Wadsworth, 1994). He is well known for his public lectures and participation in conferences. He is the author of some 70 articles on the deeper values of wild species and naturally evolved ecosystems which are published in professional journals and popular magazines. He has written chapters in fifty other books. 

His books have been used as texts in 150 colleges and universities. His work is published in Australian, Canadian, British, German, Scandinavian, Slovenian, South African, Indian, Japanese, Chinese, and Russian presses and journals, translated, reviewed, or cited in journals and books in French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Finnish, Danish, Czechoslovakian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovenian, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese. Environmental Ethics is in Chinese translation, and Philosophy Gone Wild in Chinese is in press. 

He can be reached at the Department of Philosophy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523. http://lamar.colostate.edu/~rolston/. Email: rolston@lamar.colostate.edu

Ted Mosquin has a B.Sc.(Hons.) in Botany (U. of Manitoba 1956), and a Ph.D. in Systematics & Evolution (UCLA 1961). He has taught at a number of universities, and for 12 years was a research scientist with Agriculture Canada, Ottawa. In 1977 he organized and edited the proceedings of a symposium on Canada's Threatened Species and Habitats. He served as the first Editor of Nature Canada (1971-76) and as volunteer Editor of The Canadian Field-Naturalist.(1967-71). In 1988, he helped write the book: Legacy: A Natural History of Ontario, of which he is Associate Editor. He is one (of four) authors of On the Brink: Endangered Species in Canada, published in 1989. He is the principal author of the Canada Country Study of Biodiversity: Canada's Biodiversity: the Variety of Life, its Status, Economic Benefits, Conservation Costs, and Unmet Needs a UNEP project and published in 1995 by the Canadian Museum of Nature.  He is the author of two chapters in the book: Biodiversity in Canada, Ecology, Ideas and Action, edited by Stephen Bocking of Trent University and published by Broadview Press, Peterborough in 2000. The Chapter titles were: Status and Trends in Canadian Biodiversity, and The Roles of Biodiversity in Creating and Maintaining the Ecosphere. He has had an active consulting career through Mosquin Bio-Information Limited, and Ecospherics International Inc. He is the author of over 100 scientific and popular articles in systematics, ecology and natural history.

Between the late 1960s to the present he has served as President of a number of local, regional and national Canadian environmental organizations. He was the first President and Executive Director of The Canadian Nature Federation (in 1971), and in the late'80s served as National President of the Canadian Parks & Wilderness Society. From 1991 to 1995 Ted was a member of the Canadian government's Biodiversity Convention Advisory Group (BCAG) which helped draft the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity and advised with the preparation of the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, published in 1995 by Environment Canada. He is currently on the Board of Directors of the Mississippi Valley Conservation Foundation and first President  and one of the founders (2003) of  the Mississippi Madawaska Land Trust Conservancy.

Ted has been honoured by a number of awards, including the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal for conservation work by the government of Canada. He can be reached at ted.mosquin50@gmail.com

Alan Drengson is an Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of Victoria, B.C. Canada, where he was a Director of Environmental Studies and a member of the Philosophy Department.  He is the author of numerous publications, including Beyond Environmental Crisis (1989), Doc Forest and Blue Mountain Ecostery (1993), The Practice of Technology (1995), co-editor of The Philosophy of Society (1978),  The Deep Ecology Movement: An Introductory Anthology (1995), and Ecoforestry: The Art and Science of Sustainable Forest Use (1997), and also founding editor of two quarterlies The Trumpeter: Journal of Ecosophy, and the journal Ecoforestry. He is also an Aikidoist, a musician, consultant, and wild journeyer. He can be contacted at ecosophy@islandnet.com, or Box 5853 Stn B, Victoria, B.C., Canada V8R 6S8.  He has completed three as yet unpublished books, Wise Dwelling: Transitions from Modern Paradigms to Ecological Approaches; An Ecophilosopher’s Dictionary; and The Adventures of Flelix: Fables for the Third Millennium. He is currently writing a new book called Wild Journeying.  He can be contacted at: ecosophy@islandnet.com, or Box 5853 Stn B, Victoria, B.C., Canada V8R 6S8. The Trumpeter is now an online journal available at: http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca/. Ecoforestry information is available at website: http://ecoforestry.ca/

Fred Schueler is a naturalist, herpetologist, and scholar. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto where his thesis dealt with geographical variation in Leopard Frogs across Canada. Since 1981, Fred has been a Research Associate at the Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, and is presently Research Curator at the Bishops Mills Natural History Centre, in Bishops Mills, Ontario. He can be reached through the web site http://www.pinicola.ca/bmnhc.htm and his activities are most easily kept track of through his wife, Aleta Karstad's 'Art and Science' blog http://karstaddailypaintings.blogspot.com/

David Orton was coordinator of the Green Web environmental research group. He lived in Nova Scotia, Canada, and engaged in developing the left biocentric tendency in deep ecology. He died in 2011. David's left biocentric philosophy can be found at http://home.ca.inter.net/~greenweb/ and http://deepgreenweb.blogspot.ca//. For an overview of his life and work, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Orton_(deep_ecology)

David Poulton is a Barrister & Solicitor in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Currently he is the Conservation Director of the Calgary/Banff Chapter of the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society. David can be reached at: poultond@cadvision.com 

P.K. (Patricia Kathleen) Page has written some of the best poems published in Canada for over five decades. In addition to winning the Governor General's award for poetry in 1957, she was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1999. She is the author of more than a dozen books, which include ten volumes of poetry, a novel, selected short stories, three books for children, and a memoir entitled Brazilian Journal based on her stay in Brazil.  Born in England and raised on the Canadian prairies, Page has lived in the Maritimes and Montreal. She now lives in Victoria, British Columbia. A new collection of her work, called A Kind of Fiction, will be published by The Porcupine's Quill in the spring of 2001.

Ian Whyte is an activist with a focus on the environment and conservation. As well as following Deep Ecology from a Left Biocentrist viewpoint, Whyte is a member of both the Green Party and the Canadian Parks And Wilderness Society. He is a field naturalist. Whyte is the managing editor of this website.

Waterhen Film Productions Ltd. has specialized in making world class nature and science education films since 1982. Waterhen has gained a national and international recognition for excellence in film production, with programs airing on the BBC Network in the United Kingdom, PBS's "Nature," CBC's "The Nature of Things," and "Klahanie."  Robert (Bob) Long, President of Waterhen can be reached at: email: bob@earthseeker.com

John A. Livingston is Professor Emeritus in Environmental Studies at York University. A lifetime naturalist, he has written dozens of radio and television programs, many articles, and ten books, the most recent of which, Rogue Primate (1994) received the Governor General's Literary Award

Guido Dalla Casawas born in Bologna (Italy) in the August 1936. He attended the Scientific School and then obtained his degree and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering at the Bologna University at the beginning of 1959. He entered the Italian Electricity Board in the same year and worked as territorial manager of electrical energy distribution at the offices of Torino, Vercelli, Brescia and Milano up to April 1997. He now lives in Milan and is a writer and teacher on Deep Ecology subjects.

He married Elvira in 1963: they have a son (Enrico, 1966) and a daughter (Valeria, 1969). They have ever been very fond of journeys and mountaineering and ascended some peaks in the Alps; restored a sort of hut in a remote village on the Alps, a place where cars cannot arrive.

Ever concerned in scientific-philosophical problems, since about 1970 Guido is very interested in nature, deep ecology, native and eastern philosophies (esp. Buddhism and Taoism).

He is author of some books, L’Ultima Scimmia (Last Ape) (Turin,1975), Inversione di rotta (Reversing the Way)(Roma, 2008),Guida alla sopravvivenza (Handbook for Survival)(Bologna, 2010), Ambiente: Codice Rosso (Environment: Red Code) (Roma, 2011) and L’Ecologia Profonda. Lineamenti per una nuova visione del mondo (Deep Ecology. Steps to a new worldview) (Milano, 2011). He has also written a lot of articles for many monthly Italian revues.

email: guido1936@interfree.it

James Connelly is Professor of Politics at the University of Hull. After taking his PhD at the University of Southampton, James Connelly worked as a secondhand and antiquarian bookdealer for many years. He then returned to academic life at Southampton Solent University, moving to Hull in 2006. He teaches political theory, contemporary political philosophy and environmental politics. He has published two editions of his co-authored book Politics and the Environment: From Theory to Practice and several articles on the politics and ethics of the environment; he is currently writing a monograph on environmental virtues and citizenship. He also writes on the political philosophy of R.G. Collingwood and the other British Idealists, on the philosophy of history, on electoral systems and political participation

Sandy Irvine: a biographical sketch Sandy was born in 1949 and lives with his wife, Julie, in Newcastle in the NE of England. He spent his working life teaching in colleges (16-18 age group), his core specialism being Film Studies. He retired at the end of 2009. He holds a BA Honours in History and a M.Sc. in Town and Country Planning as well as a Postgraduate Certificate in Education.

He has been involved in politics since 1965, starting in the Labour Party Young Socialists. In 1968, he joined the ‘neo-Trotskyist’ International Socialists (now the Socialist Workers Party) before he left in 1975 (or, rather, was booted out). During this period, however, he read Blueprint for Survival and Limits to Growth. The two books did lodge in his brain the nagging thought that, on a finite planet, there could not be infinite growth.

Through the 1970s, these first thoughts about the significance of the Earth’s life-support systems and the nature of threats to them began to firm up. Writings by Paul Ehrlich, Edward Goldsmith, David Ehrenfeld, Herman Daly and Arne Naess were particularly influential. As a result, Sandy joined what then was known as the Ecology Party (now Green Party of England and Wales) towards the end of the 70s. At the start of the 1990s, he was elected to its first national executive. He co-authored A Green Manifesto (Macdonald Optima, 1988) and wrote Beyond Green Consumerism (Friends of the Earth, 1989. He also contributed a chapter on overpopulation to S. Parkin, ed., Green Light on Europe (Heretic Books, 1991).

For a number of years, Sandy was an Associate Editor of The Ecologist magazine. He has contributed articles and reviews to several magazines including The Ecologist and Wild Earth. He founded and then co-edited a ‘deep green’ quarterly magazine called Real World for several years. Sandy has also written on media matters for journals in that field, including a full-length study of the Ridley Scott film Gladiator (Auteur Publishing).

Direct contact with the Earth’s marvels has been a truly life-enhancing experience and education, he says. Two events stand out for him. First was a hike through the Pacific Rim National Park in Canada. At one point, the trail crossed from secondary growth into primal forest. The contrast between the two was amazing. Shortly after that walk, his family went out on the Pacific in a little motorboat and found themselves right next to a huge whale. The magnificence of this creature only underlined the folly of people who wantonly destroy the wonders of creation.

However the realisation was dawning that the environmentalism of most greens was actually very shallow. Their agenda was a human-centred one, at whose core was a belief in expanding entitlements. The Green Party quickly distanced itself from any serious stance on overpopulation and soon began to put environmental issues on the back burner.

Such ecological myopia was true of other wings of the movement too. Thus The Ecologist magazine had changed radically since its early days. No longer addressing the realities of overpopulation, it began to talk about reproductive rights instead. Such experience led Sandy to look for others who took a deeper green view. There are too many to name but Sandy says he particularly learned a great deal from Stan Rowe, many of whose writings are recorded for posterity by Ecospherics.

Over the years, Sandy has been actively involved in many campaigns, not least opposition to American imperial ambitions. Some were successful, many, however, were not. Looking back, it now seems so obvious that, even if all these campaigns had been triumphant, none would have achieved anything of lasting value unless we humans find the right relationship to the rest of nature. Furthermore, in each and every one of those campaigns, the particular problem would have been less serious and more easily resolved if humankind had not been so numerous.

Correspondence to: Mr Sandy Irvine Address 45, Woodbine Road, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE3 1DE, England.

e-mail: sandyirvine45@gmail.com

telephone: (UK code) + 191 2844367 (from abroad)